Water and Sanitation in Hill Areas (WASH) Programme

Funded by - The Hans Foundation, New Delhi





Program Introduction / Description:

Despite the heavy rains in hills of Uttarakhand state in both the monsoon and the winter seasons there is scarcity of water as the total rain water is lost as surface run off which flows down to the streams and rivers without being harvested or collected by the local people. The solution to this problem lies in harvesting the roof top rain water in Rain Water Harvesting Tanks during the rainy months which can later be used during lean months. The collected roof top rainwater can be used by community for many different purposes around the home. This includes toilets, laundry, washing dishes and more. This would reduce dependence on other sources like erratic water supply, hand pumps, streams and also prevent groundwater depletion and augment ground water table.

Sanitation has been another major challenge in the hill areas. Several Government sponsored programmes like Total Sanitation Campaign, SWAP and “Swachha Bharat Mission” have promoted the construction of individual toilets in hill areas during the last few years. However, the ground level survey indicates that majority of these households beneficiaries in hills do not use the toilets regularly due to scarcity of water. When sufficient water availability, even for drinking purpose becomes a challenge for the households, then use of available limited water for toilets becomes a secondary choice. Hence they rolex prefer open defecation. Most households use the toilets only as storehouse for fuel wood and fodder. Consequently the villages are not clean and hygienic despite the availability of Toilets.
Hence the WASH Programme will focus on construction of 1000 Rain Water Harvesting Tanks for storage of roof top rain water that will provide the hill community an amicable solution for sanitation and other household purposes during the lean months i.e. at least 5-6 months in a year (during the post monsoon season i.e. Sept. to swiss November and post winter rains i.e. March to May). This will improve the status of rural sanitation as households will be able to use rain water for toilets on regular basis. Those houses without toilets will also now be motivated to construct toilets due to availability of harvested rain water for use. The organization will promote construction of 300 individual Toilets with support from SWAJAL Project and community contribution. The ultimate objective is to make all rolex replica the 60 project open defecation free under the “Nirmal Gram Yojana”.

Major Objectives :

Major objectives proposed for in the project can be stated as under :

1. To provide alternate regular source of water to households for domestic use and toilets in lean months through roof top rainwater harvesting tanks (RWHTs).
2. To improve the rural sanitation by promoting construction and use of toilets among the non users by utilizing the rain water storage.
3. To promote additional income of households from kitchen gardens using the available water from RWHTs.
4. To induce behavior change practice and increase awareness on uk rural sanitation and hygiene among the villagers for changing their traditional mindsets.
5. To ensure complete free open defecation and cleanliness in all project villages, to be considered for Nirmal Gram Yojana.

Proposed Target Area :

The proposed programme is to be implemented as a Pilot Project in 2 selected Blocks of Tehri Garhwal district which are comparatively water deficit areas in Garhwal region of Uttarakhand :

1. Devprayag Block – 30 Villages.
2. Kirtinagar Block – 30 Villages.

Proposed Target Beneficiaries:

The project is envisaged to directly benefit 1000 rural households in the selected 60 villages with special focus on poor population. It is proposed that at least 70% of the beneficiaries will be selected from the poor households who are not using the constructed toilets due to scarcity of water or do not have toilets in house .

• Direct Beneficiaries : 1000 Rural Households (70% Poor Families).
• Indirect Beneficiaries : At least 5,000 population in 60 selected Villages.

Major Achievments:

 1. Construction of 1000 Rain Water harvesting tanks in 60 project villages

 2. Construction of 500 individual Toilets through community mobilization.

 3. 60 project villages made Open Defication Free (ODF) in two years.

 4. Formation of 60 Water And Sanitation User Groups (WSUGs) in all project villages.

 5. BCC Activities for promoting Water Conservation and Rural sanitation in project villages.

Training Program for Panchayati Raj members

  Objectives :- Capacity Building of Newly Elected Panchayat Members.


  Funded by Directorate of Panchayati Raj uttarakhand.

  VARDAN was provided financial assistance for cunducting capacity building training programs for the newly elected members of Gram Panchayats in four blocks of Almora District and two blocks of Pauri garhwal District in Uttarakhand.


Details Of training program for Elected Panchayati Raj members:

Districts Blocks Participants No. Of Batches
Pauri Garhwal Kaljikhal and Pabo Gram Pradhans and BDC members 6
Pauri Garhwal Kaljikhal and Pabo Gram Pradhans and BDC members 20
Almora Dwarahat , Chaukhutiya , Dhauladevi and Bhaisiyachhana Gram Pradhans and BDC members 14
Almora Dwarahat , Chaukhutiya , Dhauladevi and Bhaisiyachhana Ward members 49